Wednesday, 9 April 2014

Alan Turing Institute

In the Budget on 19 March, the Chancellor, George Osborne, announced funding for the Alan Turing Institute, which is intended to ensure that Britain leads the way in big data and algorithm research.

Universities will be able to bid to host the national facility, which will receive £42 million of Government support over five years.

In his Budget speech, Mr Osborne said the institute was being founded in honour of a man "who was persecuted for his sexuality by the country he helped to save".


Links:
http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/uk-budget-alan-turing-%C2%A342m-research-institute-announced190314
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/19/budget-2014-alan-turing-institute
http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/incoming/budget-2014-manchester-urged-bid-6851567

You can see a video click of this part of the Budget speech here:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/budget/10709458/Budget-2014-George-Osborne-announces-Alan-Turing-Institute-to-research-big-data.html

Previous posts about Alan Turing:
http://lgbthistoryproject.blogspot.co.uk/2012/02/government-rejects-pardon-request-for.html
http://lgbthistoryproject.blogspot.co.uk/2012/01/alan-turing-to-be-recognised-by-royal.html
http://lgbthistoryproject.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/alan-turing-drama-documentary-on.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing

Sunday, 2 March 2014

Contributors & Acknowledgements

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Contributors
The LGBT History Project Team - 2013


Beth Brook is a civil servant at The National Archives (TNA) and chair of Archus, the LGBT network there. Being drawn to history, heritage and the proliferation of knowledge, she just couldn’t resist discovering what LGBT resources were in amongst the vast collections in archives and sharing this when she has a spare hour from her busy policy role. Spurred on by the unfaltering enthusiasm and friendship of Chris and Louise, and their creation of the LGBT History Project, she is trying (gradually!) to compile an online list of the files identified as relevant to LGBT history at The National Archives* and has written several articles on some she has come across for Past2Present. When not working, researching, or being distracted by David Bowie and red wine, Beth is being led astray by good friends (it’s never her fault, you see...) or flailing around in angry white pyjamas (aka karate).

* On the (other) LGBT History Project wiki - http://lgbthistoryuk.org/wiki/index.php?title=National_Archives


Dr Louise Chambers is a lecturer at Goldsmiths College in New Cross, where she teaches in the Media and Communications Department. Her favourite subject at school was always history and she is more than a little obsessed with the work of philosopher/historian Michel Foucault. Consequently, the ability to immerse herself knee deep in the well of documents at the National Archives, as part of the LGBT History Project, has been a brilliant experience. It also enabled her to produce three podcasts (see below), which are accessible via the National Archive’s website.

Music (mostly heavy metal) and cinema take up quite a bit of Louise’s spare time, but she also has a ‘guilty pleasure’ – role-playing videogames – which provide a much-needed hiatus from what can sometimes be overconvoluted academic theory.


Podcasts:
Fictional Obscenities - http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/fictional-obscenities-lesbianism-and-censorship-in-the-early-20th-century/
Ministry of Pensions & gender in the 1950s - http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/when-a-woman-is-not-a-woman-how-the-ministry-of-pensions-constructed-gender-in-the-1950s/
No (inter)sex please, we’re Olympians - http://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/no-intersex-please-were-olympians/


Chris Park is a retired* civil servant with lots of time on his hands and the sort of nosey nature that lends itself perfectly to rummaging through the files at the National Archives and at the Lesbian & Gay Newsmedia Archives.

He doesn’t profess to be a real historian, admitting (as he must) to having failed his History O-Level in 1973. Nevertheless he found that the stories that the LGBT History Project is unearthing mean rather more to him than the date of the Corn Laws or the Enclosure Act... Zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz.
 

Privately, he is a arctophile, though he rarely speaks of that in polite company, and loves to travel. In 2013, he finally made it to Hawaii but the only Magnum he found was the ice cream and, sadly, not the detective.

He also is an avid reader and recent convert to the illicit delights of the Kindle. (“All those books in a little gadget! Cool!!”)

* VERY early!


Jenni Orme works at The National Archives, delving in to all things 'hidden' as much as possible. As Diverse Histories Records Specialist, her work takes her in many different directions from attitudes to learning disabilities in the 19th century to the stories of Caribbean migrants in the twentieth century. She works to make these histories more visible and accessible and aims to encourage further research in to underrepresented histories through the documents held at The National Archives and elsewhere. Through the boundless energy and commitment of Chris, Louise, Beth and Rosie, Jenni was introduced to the amazing work of the LGBT History Project and has made her first contribution to the magazine in this edition, exploring some of her own interests. Jenni has previously written blogs on LGBT history at The National Archives (1) and the challenges facing researchers in the field (2), and is keen to share the results of the recent film competition (3) at The National Archives which brought documents relating to 'hidden histories' to life.

1. http://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/claimingcelebrating-creating/
2. http://lgbtialms2012.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/lgbti-history-at-national-archives-of.html
3. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/get-involved/fileson-film.htm


Rosie Logiudice is a civil servant at The National Archives (TNA) and deputy chair of Archus, the LGBT network at TNA. She is lucky in that her role as Collections Knowledge Officer allows her to be involved in LGBT research on a day to day basis. She has recently been writing several articles for Past2Present using resources from TNA’s own archive and she has also been busy drumming up interest for institutions to host TNA’s LGBT panel exhibition, so please do contact her if your organisation would be interested in displaying it.

When not ferreting around TNA’s repositories Rosie is minding her version of ‘animal farm’! Her pets include dogs, cats, hens, rabbits and fish! She also enjoys getting out into the open either walking or gardening and she has been known to bake a cake or two.






http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/

  The project team wish to acknowledge the
National Archives, the Lesbian & Gay
Newsmedia Archive (LAGNA) and
the Wellcome Library for enabling us to
access some of our hidden history.

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Dress Code

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Chicago’s Dress Code

Evelyn Bross (L) and Catherine Barscz (R) at the
Racine Avenue Police Station, Chicago, 5 June 1943
In 1943 Evelyn “Jackie” Bross was arrested on her way home from work. Bross, 19 at the time and a machinist at a WWII defence plant, wore men’s clothes and a man’s hair cut.

As early as 1851 Chicago had an ordinance outlawing cross-dressing in a public place; it was considered a type of indecent exposure.

In court, Bross informed the judge that she chose to wear men’s clothing because it was "more comfortable than women’s clothes and handy for work". She openly declared, "I wish I was a boy. I never did anything wrong. I just like to wear men’s clothes… [but] everyone knows I’m a woman." In the end, Bross was ordered to see a court psychiatrist for six months and Chicago’s cross-dressing code was revised.

As of 1943, the code allowed for individuals to wear clothing of the opposite sex, provided it was not worn "with the intent to conceal his or her sex." Arrests continued in spite of the alteration and the Chicago code regarding cross-dressing would not be eliminated until 1978.

Sources:
http://blog.chicagohistory.org/index.php/2011/05/jackie-bross-v-chicagos-dress-code/

http://blog.chicagohistory.org/index.php/2012/03/a-last-look-at-out-in-chicago/

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LGBT Resources

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LGBT Resources in Archives, Libraries and Museums


Around the country, archives and museums are gathering, researching, expanding and promoting LGBT collections.

Below are a selection of archives, libraries, museums and groups with relevant collections. Some have also produced guidance to assist researchers, which you can find on their websites.


This list is non-exhaustive and ever expanding and new additions are always welcome. The National Register of Archives aims to record as many of these as possible to make research in the area easier. Please send any contributions to asd@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk.

British Library www.bl.uk


British Museum www.britishmuseum.org/explore/themes.aspx


Gay Birmingham Remembered www.gaybirminghamremembered.co.uk


GEM - Gay East Midland Magazine Archive www.gayeastmidlands.com


Glasgow Women's Library www.womenslibrary.org.uk/


Greater Manchester County Record Office www.archivesplus.org/stories/radical-manchester


Hall-Carpenter Archives at LSE Library www.lse.ac.uk/library/home.aspx


King's College, Cambridge www.kings.cam.ac.uk/archivecentre/modern-archives/index.html


Lancashire Archives www.lancashire.gov.uk/education/record_office


Lesbian and Gay Newsmedia Archive (LAGNA) www.lagna.org.uk


London Metropolitan Archives www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/lma


Nottinghamshire's Rainbow Heritage www.nottsrh.webeden.co.uk


Oldham Local Studies and Archives www.oldham.gov.uk/info/200539/archive_collections


OurStory Scotland www.ourstoryscotland.org.uk


Outstories Bristol www.outstoriesbristol.org.uk/


Pride in our past, Plymouth www.lgbt-history.prideinplymouth.org.uk


Queerupnorth archives www.manchester.gov.uk/info


Tameside Local Studies and Archives Centre www.tameside.gov.uk/archives


The Feminist Archive www.feministarchivenorth.org.uk/


The Feminist Library www.feministlibrary.co.uk


The Labour History Archive and Study Centre www.phm.org.uk


The Lesbian and Gay Foundation www.lgf.org.uk/history


The National Archives www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/


The Women's Library, London www.lse.ac.uk/library/home.aspx


Wellcome Library www.wellcomelibrary.org/


Working Class Movement Library www.wcml.org.uk







Searching the

nation’s archives for

our hidden history

 


Since the 2013 edition was published, a friend found an early version of the 2007 edition of Past2Present, which I was able to bring back almost to perfect condition. So now, here are the links to all past editions:-

Cover Past2Present 2007

NB: There was no edition of Past2Present in 2008.
Cover Past2Present 2009

Cover Past2Present 2010

Cover Past2Present 2011

Cover Past2Present 2012

Cover Past2Present 2013

And, in case you would like to download the PDF of this set of blogposts:
Cover Past2Present 2014

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Saturday, 1 March 2014

Recent outings

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Recent outings...
These are just a few, selected stories, for more: "I'm Gay, LGBT, 'Whatever': The 53 Most Powerful Coming Outs of 2013" - http://www.towleroad.com/2013/12/50.html

January 2013 
There was some excitement when Jodie Foster accepted her Golden Globe Award (1). In her acceptance speech, she said (among other things), "I already did my coming out about a thousand years ago, back in the Stone Age. In those very quaint days when a fragile young girl would open up to trusted friends, and family, co-workers and then gradually, proudly, to everyone who knew her." (2)


It is clear she was out in her private life, but she also at least ‘opened the closet door’ in 2007 when she thanked “my beautiful Cydney, who sticks with me through all the rotten and the bliss” during her acceptance speech for the Sherry Lansing Leadership Award at the 16th annual Women in Entertainment Breakfast on 4th December 2007. (3)

February 2013
One of the first ‘celebrities’ who definitely did come out publicly in 2013 was Robbie Rogers, an American professional soccer player, in a brief announcement on his blog (4). He has played for Columbus Crew (Ohio), Leeds United and Stevenage, as well as making 18 appearances on the US national team (and scoring 2 goals for them). He retired before coming out - the only male footballer in Britain to do so after the late Justin Fashanu (5) came out in 1990. He has since returned home to the US, where he became the first openly gay man to compete in a top North American professional sports league when he played his first match for Los Angeles Galaxy on 26 May 2013. (6)

In December 2013, he revealed that not one  gay professional footballer had contacted him since his coming out. (7)

That same month Clive Davis, an American record producer and the music industry executive who founded Arista Records, came out as bisexual in his autobiography, The Soundtrack of My Life (8).

Since 2004, Davis has been in a relationship with a man, which followed a previous 14-year relationship with a man. (9)






March 2013
In March, Richard Wilson, best known for his portrayal of arch-grump Victor Meldrew, having never spoken about his sexuality, rather casually came out at the age of 76 in an interview with The Daily Mail: “I don’t mind people saying I’m gay, because I am.” (10)

In the same interview, he referred to being placed at no. 80 in a recent Time Out list of influential gay people. It was, he says, ‘the most blatant outing.’ (11)

Nothing much seemed to happen in April or May, then…

June 2013
In a House of Lords debate on the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill on 3rd June 2013, Baroness Liz Barker revealed publicly for the first time that she, herself, is in a same-sex relationship. The Liberal Democrat peer, who was among the first to speak, said she had to “declare an interest”. She went on to say, “Many years ago, I had the great good fortune to meet someone. She and I have loved each other ever since.” (12)

Ahead of her coming out in the House of Lords debate, Baroness Barker had about the challenges the bill faced for PinkNews.co.uk. (13) After her speech, she joined other proequality campaigners and politicians gathering outside the Houses of Parliament to hold a vigil in favour of same-sex marriage.

Later that month, when considering how to vote on marriage equality, Daniel Kawczynski (Conservative MP for Shrewsbury & Atcham) was “overwhelmed” by local opposition to it. Once equal marriage was made legal, he returned to his activists with a surprising message. “I informed my association a few weeks ago that, following my divorce, I now have a new partner, and it is a guy,” he told Mandrake (aka Tim Walker) in The Telegraph. (14)

Kawczynski declined to name his partner, but was delighted by the backing that he received from many members of his local Conservative association: “They have been very supportive and kind, which obviously I appreciate greatly. It is very important to show the youngsters that it is perfectly acceptable and normal to be open about your sexual preferences. I have always been with women. Now, I have met a guy.” The announcement makes him the first Tory MP to openly identify as bisexual.

At 6ft 8½in, Kawczynski is not only the tallest MP, but is also officially classed as a giant. In 2006, he campaigned unsuccessfully for new building regulations to have all doors built 7ft high as standard, because he was so fed up with banging his head.

July 2013
Michelle Hardwick joined TV soap Emmerdale early in 2013 to play vet Vanessa Woodfield, after previously spending nine years playing receptionist Lizzie Hopkirk in ITV's The Royal.

In an interview with The Daily Mirror, published online on 6 July (15), she spoke about her real life partner, Rosie Nicholl. She had never talked about this before because "it never seemed like the right time." She also felt nervous of revealing too much when working on The Royal because the majority of that audience were older.

Since joining Emmerdale, she is more often asked about her personal life. "I don’t want to hide anything. I’ve never actually been able to talk about ‘my girlfriend’ or ‘partner’ - this person that means everything to me, and it feels good to be able to finally do it."

She also said: “I do tweet, so people can see me and Rosie on there but they probably think we’re mates who share a house. People say, ‘I’d never have guessed you were gay’ because they expect you to look a certain way and I don’t fit their stereotype.

August 2013
Actor Ben Whishaw prefers not to discuss his personal life, saying: "For me, it’s important to keep a level of anonymity. As an actor, your job is to persuade people that you’re someone else. So if you’re constantly telling people about yourself, I think you’re shooting yourself in the foot." (16) In 2011 he told Out magazine, "As an actor you have total rights to privacy and mystery, whatever your sexuality, whatever you do. I don't see why that has to be something you discuss openly because you do something in the public eye. I have no understanding of why we turn actors into celebrities." (17) However, in August 2013 a representative for Whishaw confirmed that he entered into a civil partnership with Australian composer Mark Bradshaw in August 2012. (18)

In December 2013, it was confirmed that he will play Freddie Mercury, in an upcoming film about Freddie and Queen. (19)

After previously denying that he was gay (20), actor Wentworth Miller, perhaps best known for his role in the TV series Prison Break, came out in some style.

He had been invited to appear at the St Petersburg International Film Festival. In a letter which he posted on the GLAAD (21) website, he replied: "... as a gay man, I must decline. I am deeply troubled by the current attitude toward and treatment of gay men and women by the Russian government. The situation is in no way acceptable, and I cannot in good conscience participate in a celebratory occasion hosted by a country where people like myself are being systematically denied their basic right to live and love openly." (22)

Later, speaking eloquently at a Human Rights Campaign (23) dinner in Seattle on 8 September, he revealed that he had been so troubled by his sexual orientation that from the age of 15 he had attempted suicide of a number of occasions. "Growing up I was a target. ... Every day was a test and there was a thousand ways to fail. A thousand ways to portray yourself to not live up to someone else’s standards of what was accepted." He also said, "When someone asked me if that [suicide] was a cry for help, I said no, because I told no one. You only cry for help if you believe there's help to cry for." (24)

September 2013
Canadian speed skater Anastasia Bucsis competed at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver in the women's 500-metre competition and in the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics for women's long track. (25)

She had told her family and close friends two years before, but decided to come out in a public statement at Calgary Pride to underscore her opposition to Russia’s gay propaganda law. She also spoke to The Globe and Mail about “being so proud to be gay”. She also said, “I could never promote that message of concealing who you are with all of this going on in Russia. I’m kind of happy that I did it on my own terms.” (26) In February, she said that she ‘will not use the Winter Olympics as a platform to protest against Russia's controversial laws.’ (27)

October was a quiet month.

November 2013
Brenda Urie, the lead singer of Panic! At the Disco, spoke to http://www.pridesource.com about their single Girls/Girls/Boys from the current album Too Weird to Live, Too Rare to Die!.

And never did I think that I

Would be caught in the way you got me

But girls love girls and boys

And love is not a choice

He described the song as 'very autobiographical': "I'm proud of who I am and I'm gonna act accordingly. It's really kind of loosely based on the majority of relationships I've been in, even now with my wife. Yeah, she's attracted to girls, and I think some men are extremely attractive and I don't wanna hide it. I have no shame in it. I like being able to shed some light on that. It's nice to be able to open up like that."

Asked how he would label himself sexually, he said: "I guess if I had to classify myself, I'd say I'm straight. But I have, in the past, experimented in other realms of homosexuality and bisexuality. Overall I'm more attracted to women. Like with my wife, I'm just so insanely in love and attracted to my wife that I go, "Well, OK, my love of musicals can't trump that I love pussy." (28)

Derek Mackay MSP is the Minister for Local Government and Planning in the Scottish Government and since 2011 the Scottish National Party Member of the Scottish Parliament for Renfrewshire North and West. He has announced that he is living apart from his wife and is gay. Speaking publicly for the first time about the split, Mr Mackay - who is also chairman of the SNP - appealed for the family's privacy to be respected. (29)

He said: "Having been aware myself for some time and having informed family and friends it is important for me to be clear publicly that I am gay. ... While I feel it is important to be open about this change in my personal circumstances I would ask that our privacy is respected while we support our family through this period."

The marriage split is said to have been "amicable". Family members and close personal and political friends have been "incredibly supportive".

He is one of a number of gay MSPs, including Joe FitzPatrick, the minister for parliamentary business; Ruth Davidson, the leader of the Scottish Conservatives; Patrick Harvie, the leader of the Scottish Greens; and Jim Eadie, the SNP MSP for Edinburgh Southern who has campaigned for a change in the law to allow same sex marriage.

Andrew Scott, who plays Moriarty in Sherlock, came out in a very low key way in an interview with The Independent. Discussing his role as Viktor Koslov, a KGB spy in BBC2 drama Legacy, he was asked how he had managed to use such an authentic Russian accent. His reply: "There isn't a huge amount of footage of Russians speaking English as a second language, so I started looking at Vladimir Putin videos on YouTube. But then Putin introduced anti-gay legislation this summer – so, being a gay person, I switched to Rudolf Nureyev videos instead. It was another Nureyev defection of sorts!" (30)


Eminent psychiatrist, Professor Dinesh Bhugra, is the current President Elect of the World Psychiatric Association (31) and is Professor of Mental Health & Cultural Diversity at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London. He recently spoke publicly for the first time of being gay in an interview published in The Guardian (32): "Being gay is an important part of me, but a private part." In the interview, he also said that he wants a radical rethink of mental illness and expressed the hope that his profession would sometime apologise for the harm it has inflicted on gay people and women.

He has lived with his partner, Mike, for 30 years.

December 2013
On 2 December, bronze medal winning Olympic diver Tom Daley released a YouTube video announcing that he has been in a relationship with a man since early that year. (33) This stopped a lot of speculation about his sexual orientation, but a lot of people seemed to miss that he also said: "I still fancy girls, but at the moment I've never been happier." Although he used no specific label, he would seem to be bisexual rather than gay.

Daley later said it was a tough decision to speak out about his private life. He said: "I'd never felt the feeling of love, it happened so quickly, I was completely overwhelmed by it to the point I can't get him out of my head all the time."

While other sports stars, such as Gareth Thomas, Clare Balding, John Amaechi and Steve Davies (the cricketer) were very supportive (34), his announcement met with some, sadly predictable abuse on Twitter. (35) Possibly the most bizarre instance was that of the Westboro Baptist Church (36), who blamed the tragic Glasgow helicopter crash on Daley’s coming out as a "fag (bi-pervert)". [Ah, the power of gay!]

At the very end of 2013, German Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks publicly acknowledged her sexual orientation for the first time, becoming the country’s first openly lesbian parliamentary minister. (37)

Her sexuality had been an ‘open secret’, but the 61 year old minister officially came out in a recent interview with the Rheinische Post. (38) When asked what she had planned for New Year’s Eve, Hendrick said she would be celebrating with her partner (39) in Berlin: "We will take a bottle of champagne and a pair of glasses in the backpack and clink our glasses to welcome in 2014."

While she has previously kept her personal life private, she has been a vocal supporter of LGBTI rights in the Bundestag.

Notes:
1. She received the Cecil B. DeMille Award, an honorary award bestowed by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association for "outstanding contributions to the world of entertainment".
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=57U8mcfqsgo; a CNN clip with an interesting discussion by two reporters following Foster’s speech.
11. Ibid.
21. The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GLAAD
23. American LGBT civil rights organisation; http://www.hrc.org/
24. You can see a recording of his speech here (c. 10 mins): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzURem24MQU
39. The German word she used (Lebenspartnerin) is clearly a female form of the word.









For support on coming out, you can visit the Lesbian and Gay Foundation's website, www.lgf.org.uk/comingout, where you’ll find lots of practical advice and some tips to remember before coming out.

They've also produced a guide for the families of those who have come out. Our Kids Are Alright! is available to download:
http://www.lgf.org.uk/downloads/212
(you will be prompted to download or save the pdf file).




Collateral Damage
While we celebrate those who were able to come out, we should remember that in some cases there was 'collateral damage'.

For a partner or spouse to discover after years, sometimes decades, that their relationship is not what they thought it was can be devastating and traumatic to say the least. The effect on children of the relationship can be just as troubled.

Feelings may range from betrayal through shame (at having been fooled, for instance) to relief (now it's obvious why things were rocky). Often the partner will have no idea of where to turn for advice or support. Here are some ideas:

Straight Partners Anonymous
http://www.straightpartnersanonymous.co.uk
Contact: teresa.copp@ntlworld.com or spaorganisation@gmail.com

US sites
http://www.straightspouse.org/
http://www.gayhusbands.com/

Channel 4 documentary My Husband’s Gay told 4 different stories:
http://www.caledonia.tv/productions/fullcatalogue/video.aspx?id=1305
(Sadly, I could not find the actual video.)

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Friday, 28 February 2014

Gone But Not Forgotten

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Gone But Not Forgotten - in 2013

Christopher Robson was an Irish civill rights activist and co-founder of GLEN (Gay & Lesbian Equality Network). (1)

He also founded Gay Health Action, the first group responding to the AIDS crisis in Ireland, Dublin Lesbian & Gay Men's Collective, who campaigned against violence, harassment and discrimination in the 1980s, and the Campaign for Equality, which successfully lobbied from multi-ground equality legislation in Ireland. (2)

He died on 23 March 2013, leaving behind his partner of 35 years Bill Foley. The GLEN website contains a tribute to him. (3)


Chrisie Edkins, a transgender singer and parent who campaigned worldwide for trans equality, was found hanged at her home by her girlfriend on 10 June 2013. (4)

One of her dreams was to see a Gay Pride event staged in her home city of Southampton. As a musician, Chrisie had performed live at gay pride events around the globe.

To celebrate her life and that dream, her funeral was planned to have the feel of a ‘mini’ gay pride event, according to Abby, her younger sister. Mourners were asked to wear LGBT pride colours and wear a wristband produced in Chrisie’s memory.

Her family said Chrisie had struggled to cope with personal issues in her life that were not connected to her transgender campaigning and had been suffering from ‘severe depression’ in the months leading up to her death. She leaves behind two daughters from a relationship before her transition.

On 30 October 2013, a Coroner returned a verdict of suicide. (5)

There are some lovely photos of Chrisie on Tumblr. (6)


Carol Ainscow, who was part of the revival of Manchester city centre, died from a recently diagnosed brain tumour aged 55 on 19 September 2013. (7)

Her property company Artisan transformed flats, bars and restaurants on Canal Street, had been battling a brain tumour. She was only diagnosed after feeling unwell following a holiday in August.

Bolton-born Carol was instrumental in regenerating run-down parts of Manchester, including the Village and West Gorton. With business partner Peter Dalton, she opened Manto, one of the first openly-gay bars on Canal Street, in 1990 and went on to own several bars and restaurants.

During the 1990s and 2000s she helped transform the village into a vibrant district, while building up Artisan into a multi-million pound business. (8)


Sean Morrin died on 21 September 2013, aged 48. He was a gay rights and human rights activist based in Derry in the north of Ireland. He worked full time with The Rainbow Project (9), a gay and bisexual men's organisation in Northern Ireland.

He was Chairperson of Survivors Northern Ireland, a member of the Management Committee of Men's Action Network (MAN), The Male Link and The Nucleus, and a member of the Northern Ireland LGBT Unison Group. (10)


Philip Chevron (born Philip Ryan), who played guitar for The Pogues, died on 8 October 2013, aged 56. He had been treated for head and neck cancer in 2007 and was given a clean bill of health in April 2012. A new tumour appeared in August 2012, however, and was deemed inoperable. (11)

In 1976, Chevron founded one of Ireland's first punk bands, The Radiators from Space. Their songs were later covered by folk singers including Christy Moore and Mary Coughlan. In 1984 Chevron joined The Pogues following the release of their debut album, Red Roses for Me, initially on a temporary basis. He was a full-time member by the time they recorded their second album, Rum, Sodomy and the Lash. Chevron later recalled his unrequited love for his heterosexual accordionist bandmate James Fearnley; though romance was not meant to be, esteem was unaffected. (12)

Although The Pogues' songwriting was dominated by Shane MacGowan, Chevron contributed one of the band's best-loved songs, Thousands Are Sailing.

In later years, he became The Pogues' unofficial spokesperson and resident expert on the reclusive MacGowan - frequently visiting online fora and directly answering questions from fans. In 2004, he personally oversaw the remastering and re-release of The Pogues' entire back catalogue on CD. He toured regularly with The Pogues, who reunited after a successful reunion tour in 2001. (13)

[Ed. note: I looked at 9 online obituaries for Philip Chevron, including such august organs as The Rolling Stone, Billboard, The Guardian and The Independent. The only one to reference Chevron's sexual orientation was Mojo.] 


Lou Reed died on 27 October 2013 from liver disease at the age of 71. (14)

He first came to notice as guitarist, vocalist and principal songwriter of the Velvet Underground. The band was a commercial failure in the late 1960s, but later gained a considerable cult and is one of the most widely cited and influential bands of its time - hence Brian Eno's famous quote that, while the Velvet Underground's debut album only sold 30,000 copies, "everyone who bought one of those 30,000 copies started a band."

Reed began his solo career in 1972. He had a hit the following year with Walk on the Wild Side, but never attained the commercial success its chart status promised. Reed was known for his distinctive deadpan voice, poetic lyrics and for pioneering and coining the term ostrich guitar tuning. (15)

In 1956, Reed, still a teenager, was given electroconvulsive therapy, intended to cure his bisexuality (16); he wrote about the experience in his 1974 song, Kill Your Sons. In an interview, Reed said of the experience:
"They put the thing down your throat so you don't swallow your tongue, and they put electrodes on your head. That's what was recommended in Rockland State Hospital to discourage homosexual feelings. The effect is that you lose your memory and become a vegetable. You can't read a book because you get to page 17 and have to go right back to page one again." (17)

About that time, however, he stepped back from his declared, or at least implied, bisexuality. (18)

In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time included two albums by Reed as a solo artist, Transformer and Berlin. (19)


Ray Gosling speaking at a
meeting of Croydon Area Gay
Society, 2 December 2008;
Photo by Ross Burgess
Ray Gosling died on 19 November 2013, aged 74. He was an English broadcaster, journalist, author and gay rights activist. (20)

He wrote and presented several hundred television and radio documentaries and regional programmes for BBC Radio 4 and Granada Television from the 1960s to 1980s on quirky aspects of life in different British towns and cities. His later documentaries focused on his personal life and his emergence as a gay activist. He was described as "one of the most uniquely talented figures in the history of British broadcasting." (21)

Gosling was an early pioneer of the modern British gay rights movement, first becoming involved in the 1950s, and working with Allan Horsfall in the North West Homosexual Law Reform Committee of the late 1960s, which later became the Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE). Horsfall and Gosling ran a website together called Gay Monitor (22) which is partly a history of CHE and partly an account of more recent cases of discrimination against gay men.

On BBC’s Inside Out on 15 February 2010, he claimed to have killed a lover in an act of euthanasia. He was briefly arrested, but the claims were false and he was later given a suspended sentence for wasting police time.

On 14 September 2010, he was given a 90 day suspended sentence at Nottingham Magistrates' Court.

Notes:
1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_and_Lesbian_Equality_Network
2. http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/irish-veteran-gayrights-activist-christopher-robson-dies250313
3. http://www.glen.ie/news-post.aspx?Contentid=11083&name=christopher_robson_glen_co_founder_and_civil_
4. http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/10502473.Farewell_to_campaigner_Chrisie/
5. http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/british-transsinger-found-hanged-attic301013
6. http://shawbrig.tumblr.com/post/68259458135/chrisieedkins; See also: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1366032/Transgender-bodybuilding-fathertransforms-glamorous-6ft-woman.html
7. http://www.canal-st.co.uk/?news/carol-ainscow-diesat-55_html
8. http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/tributes-paid-gay-villagepioneer-6068021
9. http://www.rainbow-project.org/
10. http://nigra.org.uk/sean-morrin-human-rights-activistrip/; http://www.belfastdaily.co.uk/2013/09/23/leadinggay-rights-campaigner-dies-suddenly/
11. http://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/oct/08/pogues-guitarist-philip-chevron-dies
12. http://www.mojo4music.com/7698/the-pogues-philipchevron-dies-aged-56/
13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Chevron
14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Reed
15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrich_guitar
16. Lou Reed - Walk on the Wild Side: The Stories Behind the Songs, Chris Roberts 2004
17. Lou Reed quoted in Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk, Legs McNeil & Gillian McCain, Grove Press 1996
18. http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/loureed-backtracked-from-his-implied-bisexuality-but-hedidnt-let-me-down-8909380.html - by Tom Robinson
19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Reed
20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Gosling
21. By Robert Chalmers in a piece in The Independent on 40 September 2012: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/raygosling-the-outcast-8181573.htm
22. http://www.gaymonitor.co.uk/


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